奧修談Ṇamōkāra Mantra

* 摘譯自"Glimpses of a Golden Childhood", Ch. 36


我知道外婆從來不去廟宇,然而她教給我一個咒語,這是我第一次透露這件事。那是一個耆那教咒語,但它與真正定義上的耆那教沒有任何關係。純粹是偶然地它與耆那產生了關聯·····

NAMO ARIHANTANAM NAMO NAMO
NAMO SIDDHANAM NAMO NAMO
NAMO UVAJJHAYANAM NAMO NAMO
NAMO LOYE SAVVA SAHUNAM NAMO NAMO
AESO PANCH NAMMUKARO
OM, SHANTI, SHANTI, SHANTI….

這咒語如此美麗;翻譯它將是困難的,但我會盡最大的努力·····也可能是最小的。

首先聆聽此咒語原本具有之美:

NAMO ARIHANTANAM NAMO NAMO
NAMO SIDDHANAM NAMO NAMO
NAMO UVAJJHAYANAM NAMO NAMO
NAMO LOYE SAVVA SAHUNAM NAMO NAMO
AESO PANCH NAMMUKARO
SAVVA SAVV PAVPPANASANO
MANGALAM CHA SAVVESIM PADMAM
HAVAI MANGALAM
ARIHANTE SARNAM PAVJJAMI
SIDDHE SARNAM PAVYHYANI
SAHU SARNAM PAUHYANNI
NAMO ARIHANTANAM NAMO NAMO
NAMO SIDDHANAM NAMO NAMO
NAMO UVAJJHAYANAM NAMO NAMO
OM, SHANTI, SHANTI, SHANTI….

現在我來努力翻譯了:「我拜倒其腳下,我向其鞠躬致敬,阿羅漢們·····」阿羅漢(Arihanta)是耆那教的詞彙,如同佛教的菩薩
(Bodhisattva):「已臻最終境界但對其他眾生漠不關心之人。」他在到家之後轉身背對這個世界。他沒有創立宗教;他甚至沒有傳道;他連宣示一聲都沒有。當然他還是必須先被記得的。最先該追憶的是那些已經了悟卻保持靜默者。最先該敬重的不是言語,而是寧靜。不是為了服務他人,而是為了自身純然的得道。是否服務了他人並不要緊;那是次要的,並非首要的。首要之事為證得自身,而在此世間要能證悟自身是何等困難。


就在今天早上我給古蒂亞看一張加州的汽車貼紙,上面寫著:「警告!就算是幻覺我也會踩煞車。」這應該貼在每一輛車——不僅是車子,也應貼在每一個人的屁股上。人們正是活在幻覺之中;那就是他們的一生——一場幻象。他們因為並不在那的鬼魂而煞車止步·····或許那是聖靈?但這鬼魂是神聖的或不神聖的又有什麼要緊?要緊的是它本不存在。

多麼蠢啊!真是蠢到頂點了,才會把聖靈放進基督教的三位一體裡:聖父,聖子,與聖靈!只為了去掉女人他們把聖靈放進裡面。多麼不神聖啊!你看出這詭計了嗎?他們無法放進母親,他們劃掉母親然後填進聖靈!這個聖靈毀掉了整個基督教因為從一開始,從它的最基礎處它依靠的就是謊言,就是幻覺。

加州人可以原諒——他們全是加州佬——然而基督徒們不能原諒,因為他們將這醜陋的傢伙,這個聖靈,帶進三位一體裡。而這聖靈竟然做了不神聖的行為使得可憐的瑪利亞懷了孩子!你以為是誰讓那可憐木匠的妻子懷孕的?為什麼呢,是這聖靈!偉大的!偉大的神聖!那麼什麼才叫做不神聖?

有一件事是確定的,基督教一直試圖徹底免去女人,徹底將她消除掉。他們甚至自己創造出一個家庭。如果是一個小孩畫了一張家庭畫——上面有爸爸,孩子,與聖靈——你會說:「這是什麼鬼扯的東西?媽媽到哪去了?」

沒有母親怎會有父親?沒有母親怎會有孩子?連一個小孩子都會懂得你的邏輯,但一個基督教神學家不懂。他不是小孩,他是智障的小孩。他的腦子出了差錯。特別是他左半邊的大腦不是空空的就是裝滿垃圾——也許是神學的垃圾,是聖經——簡言之,是那聖靈。

我反對這傢伙。讓我可以再清楚不過地說出來:如果我遇見他·····我想要你們知道雖然我是非暴力人士,假如我遇到這個聖靈傢伙我會殺掉他。我會對我自己說:「所有非暴力的事情都去死吧,至少在這一刻,將這傢伙殺掉!過了這件事之後再說。我們可以晚點再遵循非暴力。」然後我會將一位女人取代他的位子。立即地基督教就會恢復正常。

另一張我交給古蒂亞保管的汽車貼紙上面寫著:「最適合這職位的男人可能是女人。」不是可能,而是一定,女人將能勝任這神聖行侶的第三位伙伴。沒有女人的話這是個徹底的沙漠:聖父,聖子,與聖靈!

耆那教徒稱那已達成自性並如此淹沒,如此沉醉在他所了悟的至福,以至於遺忘了整個世界之人為阿羅漢。「阿羅漢」這個詞原本是指「已殺死敵人者」——敵人就是自我。此咒語第一個部分的意思是:「我碰觸那已證得自性之人的雙腳。」

第二個部分是:NAMO SIDDHANAM NAMO NAMO。此咒是普拉克里特語(Prakrit),而非梵語。普拉克里特語是耆那教人的語言,它比梵語更為古老。梵語(Sanskrit)它字面上的意思是精製的。從「精製的」你就能瞭解在它之前必定有著某種東西,不然的話你要拿什麼去精製呢?「普拉克里特」的意思是非精製的,天然的,原質的,而耆那教徒並沒有錯,當他們說他們的語言是這世上最為古老的。他們的宗教也是最為古老的。
印度教的經典梨俱吠陀(Rig Veda)提到了耆那教的首位師父,阿諦南達(Adinatha)。這肯定表示耆那教的年代遠比梨俱吠陀久遠。梨俱吠陀是這世上最古老的書,而當它談到耆那的蒂爾丹嘉拉(Tirthankara),阿諦南達,是帶著那般的崇敬。因此有件事是確定的,他不可能會與撰述梨俱吠陀的作者們處在同個時代。

一位當代的師父要受到承認是非常困難的。他的命運是被譴責,來自每一個地方的譴責,以每一種可能的方式。他不會得到敬重——他不會是個可被敬重之人。需要時間,數以千年的時間,好讓人們原諒他;只有到那時候他們才開始尊敬他。當他們免去了曾經譴責過他的罪惡感時,他們才能開始尊重他,禮敬他。

此咒語是普拉克里特語,原始與未精製的。第二句是:NAMO SIDDHANAM NAMO NAMO — 「我碰觸那已成就自性之人的雙腳。」那麼,第一句和第二句有什麼分別呢?

阿羅漢從不回頭看,從不費心從事任何形式的服務,基督教的或任何其他的。悉達(Siddha),則偶而一次,會向沉沒中的人類伸出雙手,不過只是偶而一次,不會一直如此。那不是必需的,那不是非做不可的,那是他的選擇;他也許會選也許不會選。

於是第三:NAMO UVAJJHAYANAM NAMO NAMO·····「我碰觸上師們,UVAJHAYA的雙腳。」他們成就了同樣的境界,然而他們面對這個世界,他們服務這個世界。他們在此世間又不屬於此世間·····但仍在它之中。

第四:NAMO LOYE SAVVA SAHUNAM NAMO NAMO·····「我碰觸人師們的雙腳。」你能了解上師與人師之間的細微差異。上師已經證悟了,並且傳授他所知道的。人師則從已了悟者那裡接收下來,然後完整地傳遞到這世界,但他自己尚未了悟。
此咒語的撰寫者真的很美;他們甚至碰觸那些尚未證悟自身,不過至少攜帶了師父的訊息並交給眾生之人的雙腳。

第五則是我這一生中曾經遇過最具涵義的句子之一。很奇特地它是在我還是小孩子時由我的外婆傳給我的。當我對你解釋過後,你也會見到它所具有之美。只有外婆她有能力將它傳給我。我不認識任何其他人有這個膽量真的這麼宣示,雖然所有耆那教徒在他們的廟宇裡都會覆誦它。然而覆誦是一回事;將它傳授給你所愛之人則完全是另一回事。

「我碰觸所有那些已識得他們自性之人的雙腳·····」不作任何區分,不管他們是印度教徒,耆那教徒,佛教徒,基督徒,伊斯蘭教徒。此咒語說:「我碰觸所有那些已識得他們自性之人的雙腳。」這是唯一一句咒語,就我所知,是絕對非教派化的。

其他四個部分與這第五個並沒有不同,它們全都包含在這裡面,然而此句有一種其他幾句所沒有的寬廣。第五句必須刻在所有的廟宇,所有的教堂牆上,不論它們為誰所有,因為它說:「我碰觸所有那些已識得它之人的雙腳。」它不是說「已識得神之人」。連那個「它」都可以去掉:我只是在譯句裡才加上「它」。原文的意思只有「碰觸那已識得之人的雙腳」——沒有「它」。我加上「它」只是為了符合你們語言的需要;否則一定有人會問:「識得?識得什麼?那個認識的對象是什麼?」並沒有認識的對象;沒有什麼可去知道,只有這個知者。

此咒語是我外婆傳給我唯一屬於宗教的東西,如果你能稱它為宗教的,而且這也是唯一,並非來自我的外公而是我的外婆······因為是我在某個晚上問她的。有個夜晚她對我說:「你看來還醒著。睡不著嗎?正在計畫明天的惡作劇嗎?」

我說:「沒有,但是不曉得為什麼有個問題出現在我心中。每個人都有他的宗教,當有人問我:「你是屬於哪個宗教?」我都是聳聳我的肩膀。不過嘛,聳聳肩膀當然不會是種宗教,所以我想問妳,我該怎麼回答?」

她說:「我自己並不屬於任何宗教,但我喜愛這個咒語,而我能給你的就這麼多了——並非因為傳統上它屬於耆那教,而是因為我認識到它的美。我已經覆誦過它上百萬次了,而且總是能找到無比的平靜·····就是那個感覺,碰觸到所有了悟者的雙腳。我能給你這個咒語;除此之外我就沒辦法了。」

現在我可以說那女人真的很偉大,因為一旦牽涉到宗教,每個人都在說謊:基督教徒,猶太教徒,耆那教徒,伊斯蘭教徒——所有人都在說謊。他們全都談論著神,天堂和地獄,天使與各種亂扯一通的東西,根本不是真的知道任何事情。她很偉大,不是因為她知道,而是因為她無法對一個小孩子說謊。沒有人應該說謊——至少對一個孩子那是不可原諒的。

孩子們已經世世代代都在受到剝削,只因為他們願意相信。你很容易就能對他們說謊,而他們都會相信你。如果你是一位父親,一位母親,他們會認為你一定就是對的。整個人類正是這樣活在腐敗之中,活在泥濘之中,十分不穩固,千百年來教給孩子們的都是一個謊言的泥沼。

我的外公從來沒有要我去廟裡,跟他一起去。很多次我跟在他後面,然而他會說:「走開。如果你想去廟裡,就自己過去。不要跟著我。」
他不是個嚴厲的人,但在這件事情上他非常嚴厲。我一再一再地問他:「你能傳授我一些你的經驗嗎?」而他總是避開不談。

當他躺在牛車裡,在我的大腿上,即將過世時,他張開了眼睛然後問著:「現在幾點了?」

我說:「應該快要9點。」

他安靜了一會,然後唸著:

「NAMO ARIHANTANAM NAMO NAMO
NAMO SIDDHANAM NAMO NAMO
NAMO UVAJJHAYANAM NAMO NAMO
NAMO LOYE SAVVA SAHUNAM NAMO NAMO
OM, SHANTI, SHANTI, SHANTI·····」

這是什麼意思呢?這就是在說「嗡」——最終的無聲之聲。然後他就如曙光下的露珠般消失了。

此刻我正進入其中·····就只是那寧靜,平和,安祥·····

NAMO ARIHANTANAM NAMO NAMO·····

我拜倒在那了悟者之腳下。
我拜倒在那成就者之腳下。
我拜倒在所有上師之腳下。
我拜倒在所有善知識之腳下。
我拜倒在所有已能覺曉者之腳下,
毫無條件地。
嗡,寧靜,平和,安祥。



I know Nani never went to the temple, but she taught me one mantra which I will reveal for the first time. It is a Jaina mantra, but it has nothing to do with Jainas as such. It is purely accidental that it is related to Jainism….

NAMO ARIHANTANAM NAMO NAMO
NAMO SIDDHANAM NAMO NAMO
NAMO UVAJJHAYANAM NAMO NAMO
NAMO LOYE SAVVA SAHUNAM NAMO NAMO
AESO PANCH NAMMUKARO
OM, SHANTI, SHANTI, SHANTI….

The mantra is so beautiful; it is going to be difficult to translate it, but I will do my best… or my worst.

First listen to the mantra in its original beauty:

NAMO ARIHANTANAM NAMO NAMO
NAMO SIDDHANAM NAMO NAMO
NAMO UVAJJHAYANAM NAMO NAMO
NAMO LOYE SAVVA SAHUNAM NAMO NAMO
AESO PANCH NAMMUKARO
SAVVA SAVV PAVPPANASANO
MANGALAM CHA SAVVESIM PADMAM
HAVAI MANGALAM
ARIHANTE SARNAM PAVJJAMI
SIDDHE SARNAM PAVYHYANI
SAHU SARNAM PAUHYANNI
NAMO ARIHANTANAM NAMO NAMO
NAMO SIDDHANAM NAMO NAMO
NAMO UVAJJHAYANAM NAMO NAMO
OM, SHANTI, SHANTI, SHANTI….

Now my effort at translation: “I go to the feet of, I bow down to, the arihantas…." Arihanta is the name in Jainism, as Bodhisattva is in Buddhism: ”One who has achieved the ultimate but cares nothing about anybody else.” He has come home and turned his back on the world. He does not create a religion; he does not even preach; he does not even declare. Of course he has to be remembered first. The first remembrance is for all those who have known and remained silent. The first respect is not for words, but for silence. Not for serving others, but for the sheer achievement of one’s self. It does not matter whether one serves others or not; that is secondary, not primary. The primary is that one has achieved one’s self, and it is so difficult in this world to know one’s self.

Just this morning I gave Gudia a car-sticker from California that says: ”Warning! I brake for
hallucinations.” This should be on every car – not only on cars, but on everybody’s buttocks too. People are living in hallucinations; that’s what their life is – an hallucination. They brake for ghosts which are not there… perhaps a holy ghost? But what does it matter whether the ghost is holy or unholy? All that matters is that it is not.

And what a stupidity! What a climax of stupidity to put a holy ghost into the Christian trinity: God, the Son, and the Holy Ghost! Just to avoid the woman they put a holy ghost in there. What unholiness! Do you see the trick? They could not put in the mother; they have painted out the mother and written in the Holy Ghost. This Holy Ghost has destroyed the whole of Christianity because from the very beginning, from its very foundation it depends on lies, hallucinations.

Californians can be forgiven – they are all Californiacs – but Christians cannot be forgiven for bringing this ugly fellow, the Holy Ghost, into the trinity. And this Holy Ghost did the unholy act of making poor Mary pregnant! Who do you think made the poor carpenter’s wife, Mary, pregnant? Why, the Holy Ghost! Great! Great holiness! Then what is unholiness?

One thing is certain, that Christianity has been trying to completely avoid the woman, to erase her completely. They even create a family. If a child paints a picture of a family – of the Father, Son and Holy Ghost – you would say, ”What is this nonsense? Where is the mother?”

Without a mother how can there be a father? Without a mother how can there be a son? Even a child would understand your logic, but not a Christian theologian. He is not a child, he is a retarded child. Something is wrong with his brain. Particularly the left side of his brain is either empty or full of junk – maybe theological junk, the Bible – in short, the Holy Ghost.

I am against this fellow. Let me say it most clearly: if I meet him… I want you to know that although I am a non-violent man, if I meet this Holy Ghost fellow I will kill him. I will say to myself, ”To hell with all non-violence, at least for the moment, kill this fellow! Later on we will see. We can be non-violent again later on.” I would put a woman in his place. Immediately Christianity would come to its senses.

Another Californian car-sticker which I gave to Gudia to keep says, ”The best man for the job is probably a woman.” Not probably, but certainly, a woman could do the job of being the third partner of the holy company. Without a woman it is an absolute desert: Father, Son, and Holy Ghost!

The Jainas call the person arihanta who has attained to himself and is so drowned, so drunk in the beautitude of his realization that he has forgotten the whole world. The word ”arihanta” literally means ”one who has killed the enemy” – and the enemy is the ego. The first part of the mantra means, ”I touch the feet of the one who has attained himself.”

The second part is: NAMO SIDDHANAM NAMO NAMO. This mantra is in Prakrit, not Sanskrit. Prakrit is the language of the Jainas, it is more ancient than Sanskrit. The very word ”sanskrit” means refined. You can understand by the word ”refined” there must have been something before it, otherwise what are you going to refine? ”Prakrit” means unrefined, natural, raw, and the Jainas are correct when they say their language is the most ancient in the world. Their religion too is the most ancient.

The Hindu scripture RIG VEDA mentions the first master of the Jainas, Adinatha. That certainly means it is far more ancient than RIG VEDA. RIG VEDA is the oldest book in the world, and it talks about the Jaina tirthankara, Adinatha, with such respect that one thing is certain, that he could not have been a contemporary of the people writing RIG VEDA.

It is very difficult to recognize a contemporary Master. His fate is to be condemned, condemned from all quarters, in all possible ways. He is not respected – he is not a respectable person. It takes time, thousands of years, for people to forgive him; only then do they start respecting him. When they are free of the guilt of having condemned him once, they start respecting him, worshipping him.

The mantra is in Prakrit, raw and unrefined. The second line is: NAMO SIDDHANAM NAMO NAMO – “I touch the feet of the one who has become his being." So, what is the difference between the first and the second?
The arihanta never looks back, never bothers about any kind of service, Christian or otherwise. The siddha, once in a while, holds out his hand to drowning humanity, but only once in a while, not always. It is not a necessity, it is not compulsory, it is his choice; he may or he may not.

Hence the third: NAMO UVAJJHAYANAM NAMO NAMO…"I touch the feet of the Masters, the UVAJHAYA." They have achieved the same, but they face the world, they serve the world. They are in the world and not of it… but still in it.

The fourth: NAMO LOYE SAVVA SAHUNAM NAMO NAMO…”I touch the feet of the teachers.” You know the subtle difference between a Master and a teacher. The Master has known, and imparts what he has known. The teacher has received from one who has known, and delivers it intact to the world, but he himself has not known.
The composers of this mantra are really beautiful; they even touch the feet of those who have not known themselves, but at least are carrying the message of the Masters to the masses.

Number five is one of the most significant sentences I have ever come across in my whole life. It is strange that it was given to me by my grandmother when I was a small child. When I explain it to you, you too will see the beauty of it. Only she was capable of giving it to me. I don’t know anybody else who had the guts to really proclaim it, although all Jainas repeat it in their temples. But to repeat is one thing; to impart it to one you love is totally another.

“I touch the feet of all those who have known themselves…" without any distinction, whether they are Hindus, Jainas, Buddhists, Christians, Moslems. The mantra says, ”I touch the feet of all those who have known themselves.” This is the only mantra, as far as I know, which is absolutely non-sectarian.

The other four parts are not different from the fifth, they are all contained in it, but it has a vastness which those others do not have. The fifth line must be written on all the temples, all the churches, irrespective of to whom they belong, because it says, ”I touch the feet of all those who have known it.” It does not say ”who have known God.” Even the ”it” can be dropped: I am only putting ”it” in the translation. The original simply means ”touching the feet of those who have known” – no ”it.” I am putting ”it” in just to fulfill the demands of your language; otherwise someone is bound to ask, ”Known? Known what? What is the object of knowledge?” There is no object of knowledge; there is nothing to know, only the knower.

This mantra was the only religious thing, if you can call it religious, given to me by my grandmother, and that too, not by my grandfather but by my grandmother… because one night I asked her. One night she said, ”You look awake. Can’t you sleep? Are you planning tomorrow’s mischief?”

I said, ”No, but somehow a question is arising in me. Everybody has a religion, and when people ask me, ‘To what religion do you belong?’ I shrug my shoulders. Now, certainly shrugging your shoulders is not a religion, so I want to ask you, what should I say?”

She said, ”I myself don’t belong to any religion, but I love this mantra, and this is all I can give you – not because it is traditionally Jaina, but only because I have known its beauty. I have repeated it millions of times and always I have found tremendous peace… just the feeling of touching the feet of all those who have known. I can give you this mantra; more than that is not possible for me.”

Now I can say that woman was really great, because as far as religion is concerned, everybody is lying: Christians, Jews, Jainas, Mohammedans – everybody is lying. They all talk of God, heaven and hell, angels and all kinds of nonsense, without knowing anything at all. She was great, not because she knew but because she was unable to lie to a child. Nobody should lie – to a child at least it is unforgivable.

Children have been exploited for centuries just because they are willing to trust. You can lie to them very easily and they will trust you. If you are a father, a mother, they will think you are bound to be true. That’s how the whole of humanity lives in corruption, in a thick mud, very slippery, a thick mud of lies told to children for centuries.

If we can do just one thing, a simple thing: not lie to children, and to confess to them our ignorance, then we will be religious, and we will put them on the path of religion. Children are only innocence; leave them not your so-called knowledge. But you yourself must first be innocent, unlying, true, even if it shatters your ego – and it will shatter. It is bound to shatter.

My grandfather never told me to go to the temple, to follow him. I used to follow him many times, but he would say, ”Go away. If you want to go to the temple, go alone. Don’t follow me.”

He was not a hard man, but on this point he was absolutely hard. I asked him again and again, ”Can you give me something of your experience?” And he would always avoid it.

When he was dying in my lap, in the bullock cart, he opened his eyes and asked, ”What is the time?”

I said, ”It must be nearly nine o‘clock.”

For a moment he remained silent, and then he said,

“NAMO ARIHANTANAM NAMO NAMO
NAMO SIDDHANAM NAMO NAMO
NAMO UVAJJHAYANAM NAMO NAMO
NAMO LOYE SAVVA SAHUNAM NAMO NAMO
OM, SHANTI, SHANTI, SHANTI…."

What does it mean? It means ”Om” – the ultimate sound of soundlessness. And he disappeared like a dewdrop in the first rays of the sun.

I am entering into it now…. There is only peace, peace, peace….

NAMO ARIHANTANAM NAMO NAMO….

I go to the feet of those who have known.
I go to the feet of those who have achieved.
I go to the feet of all who are Masters.
I go to the feet of all the teachers.
I go to the feet of all who have ever known,
Unconditionally.
OM, SHANTI, SHANTI, SHANTI.



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